Community-Based Energy Development

Additional Resources in Europe

Note: Community-based energy development is relatively mature in Europe. The information below represents only a small subset of the community energy activities occurring in European communities.

United Kingdom

Delivering Community Benefits from Wind Energy Development: A Toolkit - Provides information on the options for taking action to negotiate and potentially realise meaningful benefits for local communities in the UK. See the DTI web site for more information and related publications.

Baywind - Baywind Energy Co-operative is the first UK co-operative to own wind turbines. After successfully raising 2 million through share offers, Baywind has over 1,300 members.

Energy4All - Energy4All was formed in 2002 to expand the number of renewable energy co-operatives in the UK as an integral part of a transition to a low carbon economy. Energy4All offers a highly successful combination of industry experience, community involvement, and business acumen providing a package of sector, admin, and financial services to Co-ops in return for an annual fee.

Yes2Wind Community Wind List - Lists the community wind projects in the United Kingdom.

ecodyfi Community Wind - Describes community focused wind energy in a community in Wales.


Middelgrunden - Describes theMiddelgrunden Cooperative wind project off the shores of Denmark. The project consists of 20 x 2 MW turbines for a total capacity of 40 MW. The wind farm is established as a collaboration between the Middelgrunden Wind Turbine Cooperative and Copenhagen Energy, each installing 10 turbines.